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Non-native Perception and Production of Foreign Sequences

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dc.contributor.advisor Ellen Broselow. en_US
dc.contributor.author Hwang, Jiwon en_US
dc.contributor.other Department of Linguistics en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-17T12:20:51Z
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-24T14:48:16Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-17T12:20:51Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-24T14:48:16Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08-01 en_US
dc.identifier Hwang_grad.sunysb_0771E_10686.pdf en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1951/56024 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11401/71620 en_US
dc.description.abstract A major question in the study of second language learning is the extent to which mispronunciations originate in the inability to correctly perceive vs. the inability to correctly produce foreign language structures. The goal of this thesis is to determine the extent to which second language (L2) learners' pronunciation errors reflect errors in perception or gestural mistiming, by investigating Korean L2 learners' production and perception of English stop-nasal sequences. Such sequences are prohibited in Korean, where a stop before a nasal obligatorily undergoes nasalization (/kukmul/-->[kuŋmul] `soup'). In production experiments where Korean L2 learners pronounced English nonsense words containing those sequences, vowel insertion after the stop and devoicing of the stop were common errors even though nasalization is the native repair strategy. More importantly, two asymmetries in the choice of repair were that (1) vowel insertion occurred almost exclusively after voiced stops, especially after velar stops (tegnal-->tegVnal) and (2) devoicing occurred most frequently with labial stops (tebnal-->tepnal). These asymmetric repair choices are puzzling because neither of the languages in contact provides evidence for such repairs. Investigation of Korean speakers' perception of these sequences employing both behavioral tasks and EEG revealed that the greater frequency of vowel insertion after voiced stops was rooted in misperception: Korean listeners tended to hear an illusory vowel after voiced stops and had difficulty distinguishing voiced stop-nasal sequences from voiced stop-vowel-nasal sequences. This misperception is an effect of the native language system, in which voiced stops occur only preceding a vowel. In contrast, the frequent devoicing of labial consonants was not reflected in perception. I propose that instead, this pattern has its origin in the articulatory timing patterns of Korean, in which bilabial stops are much more closely overlapped with a following consonant than are velar stops, causing devoicing of [b]. Results of this project show that second language phonology involves a complex interplay between the native language grammar, misperception through the filter of L1, and mastery of new articulatory programs. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work is sponsored by the Stony Brook University Graduate School in compliance with the requirements for completion of degree. en_US
dc.format Monograph en_US
dc.format.medium Electronic Resource en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher The Graduate School, Stony Brook University: Stony Brook, NY. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Linguistics en_US
dc.subject.other Non-native, Perception, Phonotactics, Production en_US
dc.title Non-native Perception and Production of Foreign Sequences en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.mimetype Application/PDF en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Marie K. Huffman en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Christina Y. Bethin en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Arthur Samuel en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Nancy Squires. en_US

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