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High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications to Surface Integrals and Surface Remeshing

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dc.contributor.advisor Jiao, Xiangmin en_US
dc.contributor.author Ray, Navamita en_US
dc.contributor.other Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-20T16:49:59Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-20T16:49:59Z
dc.date.issued 2013-12-01 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11401/76305 en_US
dc.description 111 pgs en_US
dc.description.abstract High-order surface reconstruction is a numerical technique to obtain high-order approximations of both geometry and its differential quantities such as normals, curvatures, etc., over a discrete surface mesh. Its computational framework is based on local polynomial fittings using a weighted least squares approach. In this dissertation, we complete the scope of this framework to compute high-order approximations of surface integrals and demonstrate the application of the complete framework to various mesh-based numerical computations for high-order numerical methods. The computational framework relies on an efficient underlying mesh data structure for various traversal queries. For this purpose, an array-based mesh data structure was developed to represent the mesh for efficient mesh query and modification operations. Our methods are mainly developed for applications with high-order methods in mind. Surface integration is a fundamental operation in many scientific and engineering applications. The standard methods for numerical computation are generally limited to second-order of accuracy due to lower-order approximations to geometry and integrand. This limitation is overcome by extending the computational framework for high-order surface reconstruction to a function defined over the surface and coupling it with high-order quadrature rules. We theoretically analyze the accuracy of our method and prove that it can achieve high-order of accuracy and verify it with numerical experiments as well. A widely used operation by many applications is the modification of the surface mesh by vertex redistribution, edge flipping, refinement or coarsening, such that the resulting mesh improves certain properties such as mesh quality, error distribution, etc. It is vital to preserve the geometric accuracy of the mesh as it undergoes the modification operations. Our computational framework provides an efficient high-order point projection strategy that can be easily coupled with various mesh quality improving techniques. We develop remeshing strategies coupling existing mesh quality improving techniques with high-order surface reconstruction, to produce high-quality and high-order accurate surface meshes. The developed algorithms are made robust to allow untangling mildly folded triangles and also take into account the approximation issues related to high-order approximations in under-resolved regions. All of our algorithms are based on an array-based half-facet mesh data structure called AHF, for efficient mesh query and modification operations. It was developed for 2D/3D non-manifold meshes with mixed-dimensional submeshes for increased applicability. We present the theoretical framework of our methods, show experimental comparisons against other methods, and demonstrate their utilization to geometric PDE's, high-order finite elements, biomedical image-based surface meshes, and complex interface meshes in fluid simulations. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work is sponsored by the Stony Brook University Graduate School in compliance with the requirements for completion of degree. en_US
dc.format Monograph en_US
dc.format.medium Electronic Resource en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher The Graduate School, Stony Brook University: Stony Brook, NY. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Applied mathematics en_US
dc.subject.other high-order accuracy, mesh data structures, surface integrals, surface reconstruction, surface remeshing en_US
dc.title High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications to Surface Integrals and Surface Remeshing en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.mimetype Application/PDF en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Glimm, James en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Li, Xiaolin en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Tautges, Timothy en_US

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