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G-alpha-q Regulation on Cardiac Autophagy

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dc.contributor.advisor Lin, Richard Z en_US
dc.contributor.author Liu, Shengnan en_US
dc.contributor.other Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-20T16:50:21Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-20T16:50:21Z
dc.date.issued 2016-12-01 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11401/76468 en_US
dc.description 97 pg. en_US
dc.description.abstract Receptors that activate the heterotrimeric G protein Gαq are thought to play a role in the development of heart failure. Dysregulation of autophagy occurs in some pathological cardiac conditions including heart failure, but whether Gαq is involved in this process is unknown. A cardiomyocyte-specific transgenic mouse model of inducible Gαq activation (termed GαqQ209L) was used to address this question. Autophagy is a quality control and recycling process in which double-membrane vesicles called autophagosomes enclose intracellular materials and send them to lysosomes for degradation. After 7 days of Gαq activation, GαqQ209L hearts contained more autophagic vacuoles than wild type (WT) hearts. Increased levels of proteins involved in autophagy, including Vps34, Beclin1, Atg7, Atg14, p62 and LC3-II, were also seen. Real-time quantitative PCR showed a 4-fold upregulation in p62 mRNA and a small increase in Atg7 mRNA, but mRNAs encoding the other proteins were not transcriptionally upregulated. Inhibition of the Ca2+-dependent protease calpain, whose activity is increased in GαqQ209L hearts, did not block the increase in LC3-II protein, suggesting that increased autophagy is not due to calpain activation. LysoTracker staining and western blotting showed that the number and size of lysosomes and lysosomal protein levels were increased in GαqQ209L hearts, indicating enhanced lysosomal degradation activity. Importantly, an autophagic flux assay measuring LC3-II turnover indicated that autophagic activity is enhanced in GαqQ209L hearts. GαqQ209L hearts exhibited elevated levels of the Class III phosphoinositide 3-kinase (Vps34) complex. As a consequence, Vps34 activity and phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate levels were higher in GαqQ209L hearts than WT hearts, thus accounting for the higher abundance of autophagic vacuoles. These results indicate that an increase in autophagy is an early response to Gαq activation in the heart. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work is sponsored by the Stony Brook University Graduate School in compliance with the requirements for completion of degree. en_US
dc.format Monograph en_US
dc.format.medium Electronic Resource en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher The Graduate School, Stony Brook University: Stony Brook, NY. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cellular biology -- Molecular biology en_US
dc.subject.other Autophagy, Electron microscopy, G-alpha-q, Heart Failure, p62 aggregation, Vps34 Activity en_US
dc.title G-alpha-q Regulation on Cardiac Autophagy en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.mimetype Application/PDF en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Brown, Deborah A en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Cohen, Ira S en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Zong, Wei-Xing en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Liu, Lixin. en_US

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