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Shadow States: The Archaeology of Power in the Marshes of Southern Mesopotamia

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dc.contributor.advisor Stone, Elizabeth C. en_US
dc.contributor.author Al-Dafar, Abdulameer M. en_US
dc.contributor.other Department of Anthropology. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-20T16:50:49Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-20T16:50:49Z
dc.date.issued 2015-12-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11401/76626 en_US
dc.description 274 pg. en_US
dc.description.abstract Ancient states and early complex societies emerged in areas where urban settlements had the resources to house large populations and where economic and political centers and institutions could be established to run the society. By contrast, marshes, isolated deserts, extreme mountain peaks and thick forests served as refuges for those who wanted to escape from the state. Moreover, taking these examples into consideration, scholars seem to share the assumption that it is unexpected to find urban centers and central political organizations of isolated refuge areas in the ancient world. This dissertation examines the hypothesis that under certain historical and environmental circumstances, the marshes of southern Iraq, which are normally considered places of refuge, could become centers of political power and develop a political organization independent of that associated with irrigated areas. The focus of this dissertation will be on the archaeological evidence for an example of political independence in the marshes during the first Sealand dynasty (1739 -1340 BCE). Specifically, the objective is to understand how the archaeological record reflects the existence of this dynasty, and helps explain its success in these exceptional conditions. The data will also help us to understand the archaeology of the Sealand during this time of political centralization in the southern Mesopotamian marshes. To date, all information concerning this dynasty has been based on textual sources unsupported by archaeological data. From 2003 to 2009, I conducted surveys in both the alluvial plain and also the marshes of southern Iraq. The data I collected during that time will test the hypothesis that the people of Mesopotamia’s ancient marshes exploited specific political and economic circumstances, through the use of their unique environmental setting, to create their own independent political structure, the first Sealand Dynasty. It will further test the idea that this dynasty took on the shape of a shadow state that confronted the primary state in Babylon. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work is sponsored by the Stony Brook University Graduate School in compliance with the requirements for completion of degree. en_US
dc.format Monograph en_US
dc.format.medium Electronic Resource en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher The Graduate School, Stony Brook University: Stony Brook, NY. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Archaeology en_US
dc.subject.other Iraq, Landscape Archaeology, Marshes, Mesopotamia, Sealand, Shadow State en_US
dc.title Shadow States: The Archaeology of Power in the Marshes of Southern Mesopotamia en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.mimetype Application/PDF en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Hildebrand, Elisabeth en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Zimansky, Paul en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Ur, Jason. en_US

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