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The Cradle of Things: Origins and Ontogenesis in the Late Landscapes of Gustave Courbet

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dc.contributor.advisor Rubin, James H en_US
dc.contributor.author Georgopulos, Nicole en_US
dc.contributor.other Department of Art History and Criticism en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-20T16:50:58Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-20T16:50:58Z
dc.date.issued 2016-12-01 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11401/76682 en_US
dc.description 55 pgs en_US
dc.description.abstract In the spring of 1864, Gustave Courbet returned to his home region of Franche-Comté and painted a series of landscapes that took as their subjects various natural points of origin: grottoes, caves, waterfalls, etc. Through his loose and expressive facture, Courbet renders visible in these landscapes the ongoing becoming of the world, investigating the nature of origination and evolution. Courbet's interest in such subjects comes just two years after the publication of the French translation of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, which irreversibly unsettled the traditional understanding of humankind's position within the world. The early years of evolutionary biology made clear the human body's implication in the history of the earth: no longer could the body be understood in isolation from its environment; rather, it was embedded within a geological history that tied it irrevocably to the earth itself through a common point of origin. This thesis situates these natal or ontogenetic landscapes within the context of the wider dialogue concerning the nature and origins of the body in mid-nineteenth-century France, extending from evolutionary biology to proto-phenomenology, and culminating in Henri Bergson's notion of creative becoming. Seen through a phenomenological lens informed by the work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Elizabeth Grosz, it becomes evident that though Courbet's landscapes do not take the body itself as their immediate subject, they constitute a reimagining of corporeality as both an epistemological and ontological category, a reordering of the understanding of the body's place in the world. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work is sponsored by the Stony Brook University Graduate School in compliance with the requirements for completion of degree. en_US
dc.format Monograph en_US
dc.format.medium Electronic Resource en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher The Graduate School, Stony Brook University: Stony Brook, NY. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Art history en_US
dc.subject.other Courbet, geology, landscape, origin, phenomenology en_US
dc.title The Cradle of Things: Origins and Ontogenesis in the Late Landscapes of Gustave Courbet en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.mimetype Application/PDF en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Mather, David S en_US

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