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The Making of National Women: Gender, Nationalism and Social Mobilization in China's Anti-Japanese War of Resistance, 1937-45

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dc.contributor.advisor Man-Cheong, Iona en_US
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Dewen en_US
dc.contributor.other Department of History. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-20T16:53:28Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-20T16:53:28Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08-01 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11401/77736 en_US
dc.description 226 pg. en_US
dc.description.abstract Drawing on materials from the Second Historical Archive of China, the Rockefeller Archive Center, the Special Collection of American Bureau for Medical Aid to China, as well as other published and unpublished materials gathered in mainland China, Taiwan and the U.S., this dissertation discusses a broad spectrum of women of various social and political affiliations performed a wide range of work to mobilize collective resistance against Japanese aggression. Integrating women and gender into the exploration of the war and society of 1937-45, this dissertation reveals that women's social relief activities were as much about the emergence of the patriotic female subject of modern women as they were about the wartime deliberations on resistance and the making of the nation. Women portrayed themselves as national citizens who shared half the responsibility for national reconstruction, and took civic pride in their patriotic deeds. During the war, Chinese women gained greater mobility and visibility in public arenas, and cultivated a profound sense of politicization in their relief work in the areas of nursing, war orphan relief, front line service and propaganda work. Their public activities brought them into leadership positions, which often demanded independent and strategic performances in order to survive the deprivations of war. At the same time, women's activities became the embodiment of their commitment to the collective goals of the nation, which was a drastic change from their May Fourth sisters' championing of individual subjectivities and romantic love. Women were often placed in a secondary position and their work was supplementary in nature to the battle work of the soldiers, which was deemed as an ultimate masculine field that excluded women. Thus this dissertation argues wartime conflict affirmed the gender segregation that perpetuated the image of women's non-essentiality. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work is sponsored by the Stony Brook University Graduate School in compliance with the requirements for completion of degree. en_US
dc.format Monograph en_US
dc.format.medium Electronic Resource en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher The Graduate School, Stony Brook University: Stony Brook, NY. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh History en_US
dc.title The Making of National Women: Gender, Nationalism and Social Mobilization in China's Anti-Japanese War of Resistance, 1937-45 en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.mimetype Application/PDF en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Tomes, Nancy en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Hesford, Victoria en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Li, Danke. en_US

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